[BLT Insight]Livestock farming technology in Korea

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Rural areas are undergoing a smart transformation. Unlike the past, where rural areas were perceived as backward, a fierce competition of technologies is unfolding through the application of new technologies. Smart farming and smart animal husbandry, incorporating AI, big data, and IoT, are prime examples of this trend. Recently, smart animal husbandry has gained significant attention. This is because the animal husbandry environment is more conducive to system implementation compared to large-scale farming (average of 1.55 hectares, approximately 4,500 pyeong). Especially, with the continuous decline in rural populations and rapid aging, such changes are becoming necessary.

[Image] Example of smart livestock farming 


The key technologies of smart livestock farming are specification management technology and data-based animal husbandry prediction (diagnosis and care) technology. Specification management technology includes technologies such as environmental control and automatic feeding using temperature, humidity sensors, and CCTV inside and outside the barn. On the other hand, big data-based animal husbandry prediction technology utilizes sensing of biological information such as livestock body temperature and behavior patterns to provide early disease detection and optimal breeding environment setup based on barn environment measurement information. Currently, smart animal husbandry in Korea remains at the stage of monitoring and controlling livestock and environmental factors.


[Image] Concept diagram of smart livestock farming


Robos, a smart animal husbandry company led by CEO Park Jae-hyun, has developed smart slaughter robots based on vision image data of slaughter animals. Recognizing this technological capability, Robos succeeded in attracting 700 million won in pre-A investment. Robos' smart slaughter robot is capable of estimating the optimal locations for cutting bones and breastbones of slaughter animals based on vision images and performing cutting accordingly. This developed slaughter robot achieves automation in the slaughter environment previously dependent on manpower. With this investment, Robos plans to develop its solution into an automated slaughter solution beyond just robots, aiming for automation of the entire slaughtering process.

[Image] Robos' automated slaughter robot


Technological development for establishing smart animal husbandry is also active. AIDKOREA (CEO Gyeong Nogyeom) is leading technological development. AIDKOREA has developed technology based on artificial intelligence to provide health management for each livestock in the barn and to prevent infectious diseases. They have also developed a technology that automatically calculates the grade of livestock by training image data of livestock using deep learning, ensuring objectivity. Thus, technological development for smart animal husbandry is active.


[Image] Smart animal husbandry solution "Farm Plan" by AIDKOREA


In 2022, the government supported the introduction of smart animal husbandry to 22% of major livestock farms (5,750 farms) of major livestock species (cattle, poultry, dairy) among full-time farmers. In particular, support was provided focusing on farm management programs that can manage breeding, disease, and management-related information. In addition, the government is also supporting automation facilities such as automatic feeding, water management, feed measuring devices, product sorting machines, and automatic milking machines to achieve remote control. Thus, the government is presenting various support measures to transform the existing animal husbandry environment into smart animal husbandry.


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